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University for Peace, Costa Rica

In 1948 Costa Rica was the first country in the modern world to abolish its army. In that tradition, efforts to establish the University for Peace began at the United Nations under the leadership of the President of Costa Rica, Rodrigo Carazo. On 5 December 1980, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted resolution 35/55 which sets out in its annex the International Agreement for the Establishment of the University for Peace. The Charter of the University forms part of that agreement.

Kofi A. Annan, Secretary-General of the United Nations, is the Honorary President of the University for Peace. As part of the continuing process of United Nations reform, Secretary-General Annan has taken a number of measures since early 1999 to reorganize, strengthen and internationalize more fully the University for Peace so as to enable it to contribute more effectively to the peace and security objectives of the United Nations.

Maurice Strong from Canada, a Special Adviser to the Secretary-General, is the President of the Council of the University for Peace, and Elizabeth Odio, former Vice-President of Costa Rica, is Vice-President.

The Council has defined an innovative programme of education, training and research for peace, focused on key issues, including conflict-prevention, human security, human rights, environmental security and post-conflict rehabilitation.

For complete information visit the University for Peace website at: http://www.upeace.org/

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